*The question of who invented math and when is a complex one, as math has evolved over time. The basic principles of mathematics were likely discovered by ancient civilizations, such as the Babylonians and Egyptians, who used math for practical purposes like commerce and construction. The Greeks also made significant contributions to mathematics, with figures like Pythagoras and Euclid laying the foundations for geometry. However, it is important to note that math is a global and ongoing discipline, with countless individuals and cultures contributing to its development throughout history. Therefore, it cannot be attributed to one specific inventor or time..*

**Update: This article was last updated on 10th July 2023 to reflect the accuracy and up-to-date information on the page.**

Many students have a complicated relationship with mathematics. Some enjoy solving complex problems, while others struggle with its concepts and applications. However, for the majority, it can be intimidating and challenging. Getting good grades in mathematics feels like climbing the steepest mountain without safety gear. One wrong turn and you’d never reach the destination. With so many complexities involved, it’s only fair to wish that someone hadn’t invented mathematics in the first place, right?

But was it invented by one person?

Contrary to popular belief, math was discovered and not invented. It has been around since the dawn of civilization when people used tally marks to keep track of numbers. Numerous mathematicians made significant contributions across various regions around the world, leading to the collective development of mathematics. Hence, we cannot attribute the invention of mathematics to any single individual. Nevertheless, Archimedes holds the title of “Father of Mathematics” due to his profound impact and notable achievements in the field.

Today, mathematics has become an integral part of our everyday lives, helping us to calculate, think critically, and solve problems.

So where did it all begin? What have been the contributions so far?

The ancient Sumerians, known for establishing one of the earliest civilizations in Mesopotamia, left behind evidence of their advanced mathematical knowledge. Dating back to 3000 BC, they developed a sophisticated metrology system, showcasing their prowess in measurement and numerical calculations. Their contributions to written mathematics laid the foundation for future mathematical advancements and the development of mathematical methods worldwide. The Sumerians’ mathematical achievements testify to their intellectual capabilities and invaluable contributions to mathematics.

Let’s break down the discovery of mathematical inventions in simple steps that you can easily learn, absorb, and flaunt.

Breakdown of the history of mathematical inventions:

1. Ancient Mathematical Systems

Ancient mathematics was used to solve various problems before the advent of modern mathematics. Ancient mathematicians developed several systems to make calculations easier. Here is a glimpse of famous discoveries:

– The Egyptian Mathematics: Egyptian mathematical hieratic system was used to simplify calculations by using symbols to represent numbers and to measure and calculate land, taxes, and other goods.

– Babylonian Mathematics: Babylonian mathematics was based on the sexagesimal system i.e. they used the number 60 to count and measure time, computational mathematics, and astronomy.

– Chinese Mathematics: The Chinese decimal system was developed around the same time as the Egyptian System, but their system was much more advanced. They made significant contributions to algebra, trigonometry, and geometry.

– Mayan Mathematics: Mayans were skilled in arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy. They developed a base-20 system but are widely known for their calendar system based on mathematical calculations.

Though in a modified form, these ancient systems are still in use today.

2. Greek Mathematics

Greek mathematics can be traced back to the 6th century BC and has had an immense influence on the development of mathematics as a whole. The Greeks developed a sophisticated mathematical system that included geometry, arithmetic, and algebra. They also developed the concept of irrational numbers.

3. Indian Mathematics

Some of the earliest recorded mathematical ideas can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BCE.

One of the most important developments in Indian mathematics was the invention of the decimal system and the concept of zero, which allowed for more advanced mathematical calculations. This system, now used worldwide, was first developed by Aryabhatta in 500 CE. He is also credited with developing the concept of place value. The westward spread of the Indian zero as a fundamental component of Indian numerals stands as a truly remarkable chapter in the annals of mathematics, and its tale is widely familiar.

4. Middle Eastern Mathematics

One of the most famous mathematical works to come out of the Middle East is “Algebra” by the Persian mathematician Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, who lived in the 9th century. Al-khwarizmi’s book laid the foundation for modern algebra and introduced the concept of the algorithm, which is a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem.

Another important figure in Middle Eastern mathematics is Omar Khayyam, a Persian mathematician, poet, and philosopher who lived in the 11th and 12th centuries. Khayyam is best known for his study of cubic equations.

5. Discoveries in the Modern Mathematics

Modern mathematics is a vast and rapidly evolving field, so here are some highlights of recent discoveries and advancements:

– The Poincaré Conjecture: In 2002, Grigori Perelman proved the Poincaré Conjecture, one of the most famous unsolved problems in topology. The conjecture states that any closed, simply connected three-dimensional manifold is topologically equivalent to a three-dimensional sphere.

– The Langlands Program: This is a set of conjectures that relate number theory and representation theory.

– The ABC Conjecture: This is a major unsolved problem in number theory that has been the subject of intense research for several decades. The conjecture relates the prime factors of three integers a, b, and c, and it has important implications for other areas of mathematics.

– Machine Learning and Deep Learning: While not strictly a branch of mathematics, machine learning, and deep learning have revolutionized many fields, including mathematics.

**These are just a few examples of the incredible journey mathematics has taken from its beginnings to modern times. From ancient civilizations to present-day advancements, mathematics has been an essential tool for understanding the world around us and pushing the boundaries of human knowledge.**

Source: moonpreneur.com

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